Mental health disorders are complex and can take many forms. The broad definition incorporates many forms, including depression, anxiety, bipolar, eating disorders and schizophrenia, etc.
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WHAT IS DEPRESSION?
Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home.
Depression symptoms can vary from mild to severe and can include:
- Feeling sad or having a depressed mood
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed
- Changes in appetite — weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting
WHAT IS ANXIETY?
Everyone feels anxious now and then. It’s a normal emotion. For example, you may feel nervous when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or before making an important decision.
Anxiety disorders are different, though. They are a group of mental illnesses, and the distress they cause can keep you from carrying on with your life normally.
Anxiety is a normal and often healthy emotion. However, when a person regularly feels disproportionate levels of anxiety, it might become a medical disorder.
Anxiety disorders lead to excessive nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worry
The American Psychological Association (APA) defines anxiety as “an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure.”
- restlessness, and a feeling of being “on-edge”
- uncontrollable feelings of worry
- increased irritability
- concentration difficulties
- sleep difficulties, such as problems in falling or staying asleep
For people who have one, worry and fear are constant and overwhelming, and can be disabling. But with treatment, many people can manage those feelings and get back to a fulfilling life.
WHAT ARE EATING DISORDERS?
Eating disorders are a range of conditions expressed through abnormal or disturbed eating habits.
These generally stem from an obsession with food, body weight or body shape and often result in serious health consequences. In some cases, eating disorders even result in death.
Individuals with eating disorders can have a variety of symptoms. However, most include the severe restriction of food, food binges or inappropriate purging behaviors like vomiting or over-exercising.
There are different types of eating disorders:
WHAT IS SUBSTANCE ABUSE?
Substance abuse can simply be defined as a pattern of harmful use of any substance for mood-altering purposes. “Substances” can include alcohol and other drugs (illegal or not) as well as some substances that are not drugs at all.
“Abuse” can result because you are using a substance in a way that is not intended or recommended, or because you are using more than prescribed.
Substance abuse or misuse is formally defined as the continued misuse of any mind-altering substance that severely affects a person’s physical and mental health, social situation and responsibilities.
Substance abuse covers misuse of a range of mind-altering substances. It can have a severe impact on your functioning as well as your physical health
WHAT IS ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER (ADD/ADHD)?
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a neurological disorder that causes a range of behavior problems such as difficulty attending to instruction, focusing on schoolwork, keeping up with assignments, following instructions, completing tasks and social interaction.
WHAT IS ANGER?
Anger is a normal emotion – it affects everyone at times. Often anger covers up other emotions such as stress, embarrassment, fear, hurt or helplessness.
Sometimes people bottle up their anger and don’t let it out. This can make them feel sad and can really hurt them if they don’t deal with it. Other times anger can overwhelm a person – they get so caught up in emotion that they do or say things they later regret.
It’s never okay for someone to be violent or hurt someone else just because they are angry. There are other ways to express anger that don’t hurt anybody.
If you have ever felt so furious you have not been able to control yourself, or if anyone has asked if you have an anger problem then you probably do.
Other signs of being affected by anger could be less obvious and include:
- Always being irritable, little things make you angry and that is your main response to situations
- When you’re angry you’re aggressive or nasty
- You may feel depressed and avoid being around friends or family
- You may use drugs or alcohol to make you feel more relaxed or calm.