Glossary


Mental Health Terms

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There are 8 names in this directory beginning with the letter O.
Obsession
A recurrent thought, feeling or action which the person cannot prevent, that is unpleasant and provokes anxiety.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
A disorder with persistent ideas, thoughts, impulses or images that are experienced as intrusive and inappropriate and that cause marked anxiety or distress.

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
A disorder with a preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness and efficiency.

Occupational therapy
A form of therapy in which clients are encouraged to perform useful tasks and develop interests that may either re-establish old skills and knowledge or initiate new ones. The aim is to reach the maximum level of function and independence in all aspects of daily life.

Opioid Use Disorder (Opioid dependence)
Dependence on opioid drugs such as heroin. Most individuals with Opioid Dependence will experience withdrawal on abrupt discontinuation of opioid substances.

Orientation
Awareness of oneself in time, space and place. Introduction given to staff and clients as they enter the unfamiliar environment of an inpatient unit.

Outcome criteria
Statements of measurable client goals that are expected to be reached as a result of therapeutic interventions.

Outreach services
A service that provides visiting specialist mental health services to people who are unable to access such services close to their own community. It includes regular visits from a mental health service located in a major population area, to rural and remote areas and the establishment of formal mechanisms for clinical consultation and support between visits. This is generally provided to rural and remote areas where there are no local mental health services or those areas with satellite mental health services.

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